Democracy House is carefully examining any proposals which are intended to bring peace to Ukraine and restore Ukraine’s sovereignty over a part of Donetsk and Luhansk regions, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. Democracy House expresses gratitude to all Ukrainian and foreign actors who work hard every day to rescue Ukrainian citizens from the horrors of war and occupation.
However, a peace plan “Twelve Steps Toward Greater Security in Ukraine and the Euro-Atlantic Region” looks far from being a durable solution to end a six-year conflict between Ukraine and Russia. Prepared with a visible contribution of the Russian International Affairs Council, it resembles an attempt to promote pro-Russian narratives about Ukraine, legitimizing them with signatures of Western politicians and experts who are reputable specialists but look unfamiliar with Ukrainian issues.
A 12-step peace plan is centered on the solution to the conflict in Donbas but it does not address a principal cause of the conflict – Russia’s aggression against Ukraine. In addition, it does not propose the restoration of Ukraine’s sovereignty over the Crimean Peninsula and totally ignores sufferings of many ethnic Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars under Russian occupation. Instead, it proposes to discuss Ukrainian identity with neighbouring countries, including Russia which an aggressor state, though issues of language, history and national memory predominantly fall within domestic affairs of a sovereign state.
Democracy House is happy to note that Ukrainian civil society and political elite have demonstrated a coherent position that the EU-Russia rapprochement is unacceptable at the expense of Ukraine’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and norms of international law.
Democracy House maintains a statehood position on foreign policy and national security issues, considering that sanctions against Russia shall not be lifted until Ukraine’s sovereignty is restored over Donbas and Crimea.